Grpc Download File

download 1 file. The purpose of fork() is to create a new process, which becomes the child process of the caller. protoc-gen-jersey from group com. It continues on from Part 1, and we will show some examples of exposing a gRPC service using REST and auto-generating a swagger file for it too. Writing the Proto File. 6 MB; Introduction. html file is the Thrift client as shown above. grpc to the Package name field and click the Finish button: And that creates our project. Did you know? You may already have this file even though you are getting. Add this package to a project that contains. We’re going to run multiple instances of this application locally alongside a client service application, so create the directory src/main/resources, create the file application. Licensing information. js service and exploring gRPC built-in security features based on TLS/SSL. gRPC looks promising technology to replace or to partially substitute WCF in. At the network level, Ice uses an efficient binary protocol that minimizes bandwidth consumption. Protobuf File. Inside of etcd, before we even started to look at gRPC, we had already moved to a streaming Protobuf based protocol, internally. In this article, we're going to look at using gRPC (https://grpc. syntax = "proto3"; option java_multiple_files = true; package org. There may be incompatibilities between. In this course, Enhancing Application Communication with gRPC, you'll be introduced to the gRPC framework that Google uses for much of its inter-service communication. Custom encoding: Go implementation in net/rpc vs grpc and why we switched At Dgraph , we aim to build a low latency, distributed graph database. proto files Editor (for Protocol Buffers and gRPC) Minimalist Editor for. Download this directory. If you want to use PHP client libraries for gRPC-enabled APIs, you must install gRPC for PHP. gRPC-Java clients are supported on Android API levels 14 and up (Ice Cream Sandwich and later). Download PDF. Almost all of these ". the solution provided in the question will not work for files having large sizes. The Search Engine for The Central Repository. Implement the Request and Response definition in a ProtoBuf file. Download gRPC for the language of interest. net-core, c#, docker, grpc. For example, if we wanted to. It is a Maven project which needs to be imported with IntelliJ. No Outline. Client Nuget package provides a static class called GrpcClient. The current release is a Beta release, and we expect to announce General-Availability by Oct. 编译的步骤: Change to the compiler directory: $ cd. proto files > Generate Server & Client Code in Golang using the Gradle gRPC plugin. Here are some quick links to get you up and running with the GraphQL API v4: Authentication; Root endpoint; Schema introspection; Rate limits. NET Console core to call the gRPC service server method directly to send and receive the message from the client application. In order to reproduce all this in one go, you can run make cert (which is a pre-requisite for all the gRPC examples to follow) after cloning the. To select a different location, choose Extract Files… instead, then choose a location. NET Core is a cross-platform version of. avigation What You Will Need What is gRPC Getting Set Up Creating Our First Protobuf File Modular Protobuf Definitions Creating […]. Please note that this blog post has not been updated since its original publication to reflect changes to Zeebe's gateway. Extract the zip file to a convenient location: On Linux and OSX systems, open a terminal and use the command unzip akka-grpc-quickstart-java. We are choir directors, organists, guitarists, pianists, instrumentalists of all kinds, priests, cantors, and pastoral liturgists. The goal of this tutorial is to demonstrate how to program an IOS XR device using the gRPC framework. With the help of this course you can Better than REST API! Build a fast and scalable HTTP/2 API for a Go micro service with gRPC, Protocol Buffers (protobuf). NET Core, how to invoke these services from. gRPC is inline with. This document discusses how to further develop the gRPC API service created in Building APIs with gRPC. Today’s network is democratized! HTTPS to HTTP/2 to WebSockets to WebSub to AMQP to JSON to XML to ProtoBuf to gRPC to OpenAPI to plain old bytes - Ballerina has it all in the standard library and toolchain to help developers rapidly build applications. proto files using a special protocol buffer compiler plugin. Webserver Stress Tool can simulate anything between 1 and 10,000 users. py, that takes an integer n and a filename as command line arguments and splits the file into multiple small files with each having n lines. dll on your computer. Create your free account today to subscribe to this repository for notifications about new releases, and build software alongside 40 million developers on GitHub. gRPC - An RPC library and framework. Downloads Docs such as scripts, common files, and core documents containerd/ttrpc A version of gRPC used by containerd (designed for low-memory environments). Note: On OSX, if you unzip using Archiver, you also have to make the build files. The steps to create these are depicted below, we rely on openssl and a config file (certificate. Following the gRPC Basics - Android Java tutorial, using gRPC for Android apps involves four steps: Define RPC services with protocol buffers and generate the gRPC client interfaces. Download source - 29. Creating the Client. Search and download functionalities are using the official Maven repository. gRPC is an HTTP/2-based Remote Procedure Call (RPC) framework that uses protocol buffers (protobuf) as the underlying data serialization framework. ensure the file name extension, such as. You can also view this e-book on the web. This will download all the dependencies from NuGet and then compile the application. Extract the zip file to a convenient location: On Linux and OSX systems, open a terminal and use the command unzip akka-grpc-quickstart-scala. proto files > Generate Server & Client Code in Golang using the Gradle gRPC plugin. Expand the src folder: We’re going to replace the pom. Postman like client for gRPC. You can find out how to get these below. As we mentioned earlier, Kong 1. To select a different location, choose Extract Files… instead, then choose a location. It would be great to have the same Reader/Writer easiness with gRPC streaming. A file path must be provided to specify where to download the remote file. proto files. grpc » protoc-gen-grpc-java Protoc Gen GRPC Java. How to secure gRPC¶. rb and lib/parser_service. proto files (for Protocol Buffers IDL and gRPC) with highlight for keywords, strings and matching brackets. And there’s no need to use git submodule update –init –recursive and wait long long time. protoc-gen-jersey from group com. GRPC ALTs 7 usages. Create your free account today to subscribe to this repository for notifications about new releases, and build software alongside 40 million developers on GitHub. gRPC is really easy to work with, as the protocol buffer file can be seen as a contract between the provider and consumer, in other words the fields and their datatypes are known. With tens of thousands of users, RabbitMQ is one of the most popular open source message brokers. rar fast and secure. If you don't have Nuget or it hasn't downloaded the dependencies, the build will fail. The handled paths all begin with /debug/pprof/. By the way, submodules could be downloaded individually. Download JAR files for grpc-all With dependencies Documentation Source code All Downloads are FREE. AMQP is an open internet protocol for reliably sending and receiving messages. It greatly simplifies and streamlines network programming such as TCP and UDP socket server. spek Applies the junitjacoco plugin and defines Spek as engine. gRPC - An RPC library and framework. NET Core template. bz2: 2 months and 6 days ago. gRPC is a language-neutral, platform-neutral remote procedure call (RPC) framework and toolset developed at Google. The output file contains a complete log of all Requests and Responses sent/received by the testing tool as well as diffs of the expected response in the event of errors. Download files. Applications. For example, the Linux-x86_64 tar file is all under the directory cmake–Linux-x86_64. config file with the gRPC repository setup in your solution folder: xml. The OS-machine. I work on GRPC. To protect the cluster against abusive clients, it caches key range requests. TAR, double-click it to extract the remaining files. NGINX Plus Release 15 includes gRPC support as well as the support for HTTP/2 server push introduced in NGINX 1. Taking that file as input, the compiler generates code to be used to easily build RPC clients and servers that communicate seamlessly across programming languages. More information on metalink downloads is available from www. To build and install your. 0: Tags: io rpc grpc protocol: Used By: 130 artifacts: Central (59) Version Repository Usages. gRPC is a modern, open source, high-performance remote procedure call (RPC) framework that can run anywhere. 0 and OS X version is 10. 0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=94bc3704cddfc263' or one of its dependencies. x jar JAR files with dependency. Tutorial: Using Google RPC/ProtocolBuffers for Remote Services Using Google RPC/ProtocolBuffers for Remote Services. Let start by writing the proto file for the service. Usage dotnet-grpc add-url [options] Arguments. set system services extension-service request-response grpc clear-text port 50051 set system services extension-service request-response grpc skip-authentication This opens up TCP port 50051 on the vMX and accepts gRPC requests in clear-text. APIS enhances border security by providing officers with pre-arrival and departure manifest data on all passengers and crew members. Request handlers often start additional goroutines to access backends such as databases and RPC services. gRPC is an alternative to REST APIs for building distributed applications, service mesh implementations in particular. If you do not wish to build the gRPC component, add argument -DBOND_ENABLE_GRPC=FALSE to the CMake invocation. I am making Flappy Bird in JavaFX and when I display the text at the end, it un-aligns with the image it is on top of since the sizes of different numbers are differentIs there a way to have it align no matter what?. This proto file is then run through the. Here are some quick links to get you up and running with the GraphQL API v4: Authentication; Root endpoint; Schema introspection; Rate limits. File Size (in kB). Wikipedia describes gRPC as follows:. com/pantomath-io/demo-grpc. Cannot install tensorflow on Jetson nano. There may be incompatibilities between. Search and download functionalities are using the official Maven repository. If you are then you can just download the zip file from the release and run the. The final step is to start a GRPC server and register our service with it. by Mike Winters and Sebastian Menski on Nov 30 2018 in Inside Zeebe. I work on GRPC. Refer to the following information on Protocol Buffers and installation guide. NET Core Web API s or gRPC, which provides cross platform and cross programming language contract based RPC s). Download grpc-cli-1. Check with the file’s owner whether the requested file has been protected. In its simplest form gRPC has a structured set of steps one goes about using it, which has this general flow: 1. gRPC and Protocol Buffer compiler for managed C# and native C++ projects. This contributes to making the traffic generated by each gRPC call more compact. {"_id":"grpc","_rev":"218-6324b04300bedbc1faa1d702a75d24d4","name":"grpc","description":"gRPC Library for Node","dist-tags":{"latest":"1. 0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=94bc3704cddfc263' or one of its dependencies. We need to enable gRPC and allow clients to connect from any source via. GRPC ALTs 7 usages. The default max message size is slightly arbitrarily set at 4MB today, and while it is possible to configure, that kind of behaviour might lead to a slippery slope scenario of ever increasing max message sizes. Download gRPC for the language of interest. 0 前言 指南 概览 gRPC概念 安全认证 通讯协议 教程 C++教程 C# 教程 Go 教程 Java 教程 Node 教程 php 教程 python 教程 ruby 教程 objective-c 教程 异步基础: C++ 在 gRPC 上使用 OAuth2: Objective-C. {"_id":"grpc","_rev":"218-6324b04300bedbc1faa1d702a75d24d4","name":"grpc","description":"gRPC Library for Node","dist-tags":{"latest":"1. Build the project to generate the target patched package. gRPC is a modern, open source, high-performance remote procedure call (RPC) framework that can run anywhere. Following the gRPC Basics - Android Java tutorial, using gRPC for Android apps involves four steps: Define RPC services with protocol buffers and generate the gRPC client interfaces. ACL has always been known as the first choice in audit analytics. xml file with the one here (click to download and open in a text editor such as Notepad++. Add this package to a project that contains. You can find my implementation of the Search Service in the user_management_service_grpc. RabbitMQ is lightweight and easy to deploy on premises and in the cloud. TLS usage typically requires using Java 8, or Play Services Dynamic Security Provider on Android. Enable the gRPC extension for PHP. gRPC Client: This is distributed out to other people so that they can access our server using it. An exception of type 'System. If the file path is outside the project directory, a Link element is added to display the file under the virtual folder Protos in Visual Studio. gRPC is inline with. gRPC is really easy to work with, as the protocol buffer file can be seen as a contract between the provider and consumer, in other words the fields and their datatypes are known. (We’ll instruct the other instances of the application to run on other ports, as well, so. NET Core template. The file path can be relative to the current directory or an absolute path. Grpc-dotnet provides a new gRPC Service project template that you'll find under File > New > Project in the latest version of Visual Studio. Bengaluru Area, India. Learn the gRPC theory to understand how gRPC works; Compare gRPC and the REST API paradigm; Write your gRPC service definitions in. asyncio is a library to write concurrent code using the async/await syntax. gRPC is a modern, open source, high-performance remote procedure call (RPC) framework that can run anywhere. NET Core Web API s or gRPC, which provides cross platform and cross programming language contract based RPC s). A query language for your API. Apache Thrift allows you to define data types and service interfaces in a simple definition file. Beyond performance, the gRPC framework provides benefits also in the application development space. xz for Arch Linux from Arch Linux Community Staging repository. It makes it possible for gRPC services to be consumed from normal gRPC clients or from browsers (using the gRPC-Web protocol). by Mike Winters and Sebastian Menski on Nov 30 2018 in Inside Zeebe. js servers within a Kubernetes cluster. Because TCP is implemented in operating system kernels, and middlebox firmware, making significant changes to TCP is next to impossible. Next, you'll discover how to use protocol buffers to define gRPC services. (Don’t forget to save the file!) Generate gRPC code. gRPC Java Example 10 minute read I'm going to show you how to create a gRPC Java Hello World example that uses Maven and Spring Boot. docx), PDF File (. For more information, see the Ignore Unnecessary Files When Pushing section of the Considerations for Designing and Running an App in the Cloud topic. If you want to write an application for the ledger API in other languages, you'll need to use gRPC directly. During this period I. Does it use it for internal communications, as well, between like etcd servers? BRANDON: Yeah. 0","next":"1. After all, this is what Google uses themselves for building their various services. Source: https://grpc. Apache Qpid™ makes messaging tools that speak AMQP and support many languages and platforms. We’ve open sourced a golang DoH client you can use to get started. The sample code that we'll use implements a request transformation plugin using Java and the proper gRPC bindings generated from our Protocol Buffers definition files. Let's create a proto file for a simple Greeting Service with a Hello Request and Hello Response. It lets you define a service using Protocol Buffers, a particularly powerful binary serialization toolset and language. \--swiftgrpc_out=. The latter will generate lib/parser. proto files using a special protocol buffer compiler plugin. gRPC has many advantages over the built-in RPC library, namely: Fast and efficient network communication; Ability to stream inputs and outputs. Currently, the minimum supported iOS version is 7. No need to mention the 30k commits of gRPC history. gRPC services are defined in a. BloomRPC Download : https://github. gradle file, add dependencies and the protobuf plugin for Gradle. These libraries enable communication between clients and servers using any combination of the supported languages. -I: Defines the root folder where our proto file is stored; Finally the last sentence is the proto files that we want to compile, in this case, just exchange. grpc » grpc-all GRPC All. Minimalist Editor for. If the file path is outside the project directory, a Link element is added to display the file under the virtual folder Protos in Visual Studio. Reference Materials on integrating HTTP/2 with gRPC and Protocol Buffers into EDA Standards. If you have newer archives or archives for platforms not already present in this table, we'd like to add them to this table with a pointer to your location. In the fifteenth episode of this podcast, your hosts Francesc and Mark interview Varun Talwar. The contract can be used to generate the service and client. Together they form a ready-to-use solution, including an user-friendly web-interface and gRPC and REST APIs. See Tableau Server Downloads and Release Notes for downloads of current and previous versions of Tableau Server. Types of gRPC applications. With the help of this course you can Better than REST API! Build a fast and scalable HTTP/2 API for a Go micro service with gRPC, Protocol Buffers (protobuf). x jar JAR files with dependency. Without diving too deep this references the. It uses HTTP/2 for transport, Protocol Buffers as the interface description language, and provides features such as authentication, bidirectional streaming and flow control, blocking or nonblocking bindings, and cancellation and timeouts. gRPC uses protobuf as the default data serialization to send and receive data from the client and server. Beyond performance, the gRPC framework provides benefits also in the application development space. proto files Editor (for Protocol Buffers and gRPC) Minimalist Editor for. The OS-machine. Kotlin compiler produces byte-code, thus there really is no difference in terms of look and feel of Kotlin applications versus those written in Java. proto” (highlighted in Figure 5 below). We recommend Clang as it's faster with template-heavy code like Bond. proto files. If the file path is outside the project directory, a Link element is added to display the file under the virtual folder Protos in Visual Studio. rb and lib/parser_service. HAProxy Enterprise is a powerful product tailored to the goals, requirements and infrastructure of modern enterprises. Hi ! First of all, sorry for the mistakes i'll do in this post : i'm not really fluent in english. That's because the. grpc » grpc-alts Apache. proto" (highlighted in Figure 5 below). the better and standard approach is use chunking. If not, downloads from Github and does a local. Protocol Buffers are a way of encoding structured data in an. Apache Qpid™ makes messaging tools that speak AMQP and support many languages and platforms. Demo Conclusion. Add this package to a project that contains. gRPC [Java] Master Class: Build Modern APIs and Microservices is the best way to get a great overview of all the possibilities offered by gRPC with your favourite language Learn the gRPC theory to understand how gRPC works Compare gRPC and the REST API paradigm Write your gRPC service definitions in. goa is a framework for building microservices in Go using a unique design-first approach. gRPC enables client and server applications to communicate transparently, and simplifies the building of connected systems. After, this little buffer is streamed trough the gRPC connection using the DataChunk message format. It contains the compilers, include files and project system integration for gRPC and Protocol buffer service description files necessary to build them on Windows, Linux and MacOS. grpc; The first line tells the compiler what syntax is used in this file. Download and install grpc. Here's its output when downloading www. In order to reproduce all this in one go, you can run make cert (which is a pre-requisite for all the gRPC examples to follow) after cloning the. RabbitMQ is lightweight and easy to deploy on premises and in the cloud. sensor data). proto files. If not, downloads from Github and does a local install. These tools previously were included in the. x jar JAR files with dependency. In gRPC, service payloads (request and response) and the service operations need to be captured in an IDL (Interface Definition Language). Objectives. Set Download the big muddy zip file from. gRPC and Protocol Buffer compiler for managed C# and native C++ projects. Alien::Google::GRPC - Locates installed gRPC library. It continues on from Part 1, and we will show some examples of exposing a gRPC service using REST and auto-generating a swagger file for it too. Refer to the following information on Protocol Buffers and installation guide. For more information on current releases, see Upgrade Tableau Server and Server Upgrade. [ Download InfoWorld's. x Streams and Futures while benefiting from all the benefits of gRPC. And there’s no need to use git submodule update –init –recursive and wait long long time. For me, the reason to use GRPC is because there is a very good story about the boring details of networking. Choose internal or external storage. Go Concurrency Patterns: Context. Generating a Zeebe-Python Client Stub in Less Than An Hour: A gRPC + Zeebe Tutorial. The examples and theAndroid exampleare standalone projects that showcase the usage of gRPC. gRPC [Golang] Master Class: Build Modern APIs and Microservices is the best way to get a great overview of all the possibilities offered by gRPC with your favourite language. To use pprof, link this package into your program: import _ "net/http/pprof". 6 MB; Introduction. Core nuget package, which is referenced in the template, are copies of that native library for each of win, linux, and osx runtimes. This sample can be used to try out gRPC, HTTP/2, and custom port configuration in a knative service. Google App Engine (Go) Although you can't use App Engine (Classic) to host gRPC servers, you can run gRPC clients. Clients and services generated in different languages from these definitions will happily communicate with each other. You can find my implementation of the Search Service in the user_management_service_grpc. CMake to generate protoc and GRPC files at make all: CMakeLists. Next, you'll discover how to use protocol buffers to define gRPC services. Let start by writing the proto file for the service. This package contains the gRPC C++ libraries and header files, as well as the code generation plugins. protobuf » protobuf-java Protocol Buffers [Core] Core Protocol Buffers library. 103:57400 à router IP:GRPC port # # Subscription IDs to subscribe to, as configured on the router. Simple examples of grpc. xml file with the one here (click to download and open in a text editor such as Notepad++. tensorflow_model_server supports many additional arguments that you could pass to the serving docker containers. It contains the compilers, include files and project system integration for gRPC and Protocol buffer service description files necessary to build them on Windows, Linux and MacOS. File Size (in kB). GitHub Gist: instantly share code, notes, and snippets. If your file size is small enough, you can define a proto file with a single String field, and dump the entire text content into that field. NET Core is a cross-platform version of. If the only file that appears ends in. Clients and services generated in different languages from these definitions will happily communicate with each other. proto files using a special protocol buffer compiler plugin. A query language for your API. gRPC applications can be written using 3 types of processing, as follows:. In gRPC, service payloads (request and response) and the service operations need to be captured in an IDL (Interface Definition Language). It makes it possible for gRPC services to be consumed from normal gRPC clients or from browsers (using the gRPC-Web protocol). Essentially this makes the gRPC call as simple as calling a native function in the same code base itself. How to secure gRPC¶. In the past few articles, we've used Go's net/rpc library to build a simple file metadata server. This tutorial will cover a brief introduction to gRPC, how gRPC services can be created with ASP. proto files. NET Console core to call the gRPC service server method directly to send and receive the message from the client application. Changelog for gRPC; Release What has changed? 1.24.0 - Fixed PHP distrib test after cc files were added #11193. It makes it possible for gRPC services to be consumed from normal gRPC clients or from browsers (using the gRPC-Web protocol). *Next Chris 41. tools\runtimes folder. Let's create a proto file for a simple Greeting Service with a Hello Request and Hello Response. MODULAR With powerful built-in modules including session control, caching, logging, configuration parsing, performance supervising, context handling, ORM supporting, and requests simulating. What about file uploads? Is gRPC a good fit for file transfer? Check out how to send files with gRPC and see if that makes sense. Tutorial: Using Google RPC/ProtocolBuffers for Remote Services Using Google RPC/ProtocolBuffers for Remote Services. In this article, we're going to look at using gRPC (https://grpc. One of the gotchas of using gRPC is that it was not designed to transport large messages in one chunk. It's a problem for us because it's hard to explain the value added. Book Title. No Outline. Cameron Waeland discusses the evolution of Compass - both the technology stack and the migration process to get where they are. (Don’t forget to save the file!) Generate gRPC code. paket add Grpc. Download 8fm44. Design-based APIs and microservices in Go - a Go package on Go - Libraries. Creating the Client. Senior Software Engineer Samsung Electronics March 2015 – August 2016 1 year 6 months. bz2: 2 months and 6 days ago. gRPC to JSON proxy generator following the gRPC HTTP spec View project on GitHub. gz files are gziped tar files of the install tree. 0 and OS X version is 10. sensor data). If you want to use PHP client libraries for gRPC-enabled APIs, you must install gRPC for PHP. 0" } To run tests with generated stub code from. proto file that acts as the contract of the service. 0 The NuGet Team does not provide support for this client. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: